During these years, the nation was transformed from an underdeveloped nation of farmers and frontiersmen into an urbanized economic powerhouse. As the industrialized North and the agricultural South grew further apart, five major trends dominated American economic, social, and political life during this period. First, the Market Revolution—the shift from an agricultural economy to one based on wages and the exchange of goods and services—completely changed the northern and western economy between and
Find out where your enemy is. Get at him as soon as you can. Strike at him as hard as you can and as often as you can, and keep moving on. And perhaps it was simple in the mind of the man who so concisely described the complex art: After assuming command of all Union armies in MarchGrant crushed the Confederacy in about one year.
But the American Civil War, like any war, was not simple. The North and South engaged each other for four long years. More than half a million people were killed. Families were torn apart, towns destroyed. And in the end, the South lost. Diverse opinions have appeared in hundreds of books, but the numerous possibilities have never adequately been summarized and gathered together in one place.
The Making of the Confederacy. Why did the South lose? When the question is asked that way, it kind of presupposes that the South lost the war all by itself and that it really could have won it.
One answer is that the North won it. The South lost because the North outmanned and outclassed it at almost every point, militarily.
Despite the long-held notion that the South had all of the better generals, it really had only one good army commander and that was Lee.
The rest were second-raters, at best. The North, on the other hand, had the good fortune of bringing along and nurturing people like Grant, William T. Sherman, Philip Sheridan, George H. The South was way outclassed industrially. There was probably never any chance of it winning without European recognition and military aid.
And we can now see in retrospect what some, like Jefferson Davis, even saw at the time, which was that there was never any real hope of Europe intervening. The only way the South could have won would have been for Lincoln to decide to lose. As long as Lincoln was determined to prosecute the war and as long as the North was behind him, inevitably superior manpower and resources just had to win out.
The miracle is that the South held out as long as it did. The South lost the war because the North and Abraham Lincoln were determined to win it. The South lost because it had inferior resources in every aspect of military personnel and equipment.
Lots of people will be scornful of it. But a ratio of twenty-one million to seven million in population comes out the same any way you look at it.
The basic problem was numbers. Twenty-one to seven is a very different thing than seven to twenty-one. The South certainly did not lose for any lack of idealism, or dedication to its cause or beliefs, or bravery and skill on the battlefield.
In time these things would tell on the battlefield, certainly on the broader level. The North was able to bring its industry and its manpower to bear in such a way that eventually, through sheer numerical and material advantage, it gained and maintained the upper hand.
Even while it was happening, men like Union officer Joshua Chamberlain—who did all that he could to defeat the Confederacy—could not help but admire the dedication of those soldiers.In the centuries since, the history of the Southern United States has recorded a large number of important events, including the American Revolution, the American Civil War, the ending of slavery, and the American Civil Rights Movement.
Eric Foner, the DeWitt Clinton Professor of History at Columbia University, is the author of numerous books on the Civil War and Reconstruction. His most recent book, The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery (), has received the Pulitzer, Bancroft, and Lincoln Prizes.
Jun 28, · The Civil War, Part I: Crash Course US History #20 its outcome was determined by the different abilities and resources of the divided North and South: The Civil War Part 2: Crash Course US. Yet throughout the war British public sentiment favoured the slave-holding South.
In October Marx, who was living in Primrose Hill, summed up the view of the British press: ‘The war between the North and South is a tariff war.
The military history of the United States spans a period of over two centuries. During those years, the United States evolved from a new nation fighting Great Britain for independence (–), through the monumental American Civil War (–) and, after collaborating in triumph during World War II (–), to the world's sole remaining superpower from the late 20th century to present.
Southern whites believed that the emancipation of slaves would destroy the South's economy, due to the large amount of capital invested in slaves and fears of The Civil War occurred during the early stages of the industrial revolution and subsequently Ageod's American Civil War (, US/FR) History Civil War: Secret Missions.