About us The bibliography covers the collapse of Czechoslovak communism within Central European and global contexts. It contains a selection of books, edited volumes, and articles in edited volumes and journals published in to Daily and weekly periodicals are not included. The list covers a range of opposition activities on one hand, and politics of repression in the former Eastern Bloc on the other.
However, there has been a major change in the way intelligence agencies work ever since the evolution of technology and the unthinkable amount of advances in the way people live their everyday lives.
Primitive methods used by ninjas in Japan, were replaced by modern methods of espionage which all of you, as representatives of various accomplished agencies are expected to be extremely familiar with. Furthermore, the role of intelligence agencies has changed dramatically; Intelligence agencies are not mere data collection and analysis units anymore, they are full-fledged covert armies, called upon to take action when no one else can.
From staging coups to stopping nukes, these agencies have done it all. Most of these changes occurred in the aftermath of World War 2. Pre-world war one however was a period filled with intelligence agencies working for the various rulers in different parts of Europe and Asia.
This period was also the time when private organizations were hired, as the risk of moles in national agencies was too great. The evolution of Strategic intelligence analysis that began during World War II through the Korean War occurred to protect the safety of the public of respective nations.
Strategic intelligence analysis is for the formulation of strategy, policy, and military plans and operations at national and theatre levels.
With this scare of a hostile government takeover possibly arriving on U. This is one example in which strategic intelligence analysis helped in the policy making of the United States. The National Security Act of the U.
A formed the basis for the formation of many other intelligence agencies during the decade following A saw the U. The CIA grew very quickly during the times of the Cold War, because of the increased aggressiveness of international communism.
During his term as president, Reagan recognized the importance of intelligence to inform his decision, giving yet another example of how strategic analysis helped in the policy making decisions of those within the government of the United States. The Cold War Spies were also extremely instrumental during the cold war, spies and spying became part of the Cold War game.
Both sides in the Cold War used spies as a way of acquiring knowledge of what the other was doing or to spread false knowledge of what one side was doing. Spies could become double agents and the whole story has developed a rather romantic image as a result of Western film portrayals of spies.
However, for all of them spying were far from romantic — it was a highly dangerous job and many worked knowing that there was barely any chance of being rescued if caught. A few were exchanged for other spies — but prison or execution were the more usual punishments for being caught — either by betrayal or making errors.
Both sides involved in the Cold War used spies from all types of background. The ability to seamlessly blend into the background was vital.
The Soviet Union also employed men from Britain to spy on Britain — men who had become disaffected by the British way of life and looked to the east. The most famous were the Cambridge Five — graduates who as a result of their background had got into high positions in the British Establishment.
British agents in the Soviet Union paid a high price for their betrayal.
It is only their defeats, mistakes and controversies that are reported. The extent to which the Establishment had been infiltrated first became publicly apparent in when Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean fled Britain for the Soviet Union.
They had been tipped off that they were about to be arrested by Kim Philly who from to had been head of counter-intelligence activities at British Intelligence. Burgess and Maclean had passed over to the Soviet Union thousands of confidential documents. Knowing where your enemy is, what he is doing, what artillery he possesses and what he is capable of, has always been a huge advantage.
Intelligence acts as the escutcheon of a nation. However the success of intelligence agencies in protecting the nation is never reported in the media for obvious reasons. The civilian populations do not know of and cannot even fathom the quantum of power possessed by intelligence agencies.countries of Central and Eastern Europe, South Ame rica or A frica.
In the first o f these categories, the Cz ech Republic was the only co untry to pass a bill on the. Fall of Communism in Eastern Europe, On November 9, , thousands of jubilant Germans brought down the most visible symbol of division at the heart of Europe—the Berlin Wall.
For two generations, the Wall was the physical representation of the Iron Curtain, and East German border guards had standing shoot-to-kill orders against those. Eastern Europe in the Twentieth Century – and After, 2nd ed.
the party leadership newly formed under Gorbachev itself introduced a partial liberalization and democratization of the political system in functionary elites of the bureaucracy now increasingly came into formation on the side of the opposition.
An Analysis of the Period of the Shocking Fall of Communism in Eastern and Central Europe PAGES 8. WORDS 1, View Full Essay. More essays like this: fall of communism, central europe, effects of revolution.
Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University.