Pacific decadal oscillation to The ocean and atmosphere can work together to spontaneously generate internal climate variability that can persist for years to decades at a time. For example, alterations to ocean processes such as thermohaline circulation play a key role in redistributing heat in the world's oceans. Due to the long timescales of this circulation, ocean temperature at depth is still adjusting to effects of the Little Ice Age  which occurred between the and s. A schematic of modern thermohaline circulation.
A search on these terms will give you access to speeches, social and environmental reports dealing with the issues. The authors Ernest Lowe is one of the pioneers in applying industrial ecology to business and community strategic planning.
Harris is president and founder of Paradigm Research International, in Reston, Virginia He specializes in creating new business models that help organizations achieve sustainable growth.
Harris has advised public and private companies, non-profit organizations and government agencies in the areas of health, energy, environment, chemicals, real estate, transportation, national security, telecommunications and computer technology.
He received his doctorate in physics at the College of William and Mary. BP has formed an action agenda for reducing emissions internally and for working in partnership with other organizations around the world to reduce human impact on climate.
We focus on why BP made this decision, how BP arrived Climate change current national disaster the decision, and its implications for BP itself, for its competitors, and for other multinational corporations.
Introduction British Petroleum appears to be fundamentally changing the way it does business. BP was the first multinational corporation other than re-insurance companies to join the emerging consensus on climate change.
BP committed to reduce greenhouse emissions from all of its own business operations. Is BP reacting to inevitable environmental pressures, but conducting business as usual, or is BP seizing the moment and using global climate change as a doorway to a new business model for the 21st century?
In conducting the research for this article, the authors interviewed BP personnel, representatives from other oil companies and from environmental organizations. What follows explores how and why BP decided to act on climate change and, from this experience, we distill learnings that other companies can use to inform their environmental strategy.
John Browne rose to the leadership of British Petroleum through BP Exploration, where he led that division's restructuring in the early 90s. At 48, when BP decided to break with the rest of the industry on climate change, he was the youngest chief executive among the top oil companies.
John Sawhill, the Nature Conservancy President who has known Browne for 20 years, says, "He does not like to run with the pack. Browne sees BP's position on climate change as a way to distinguish them from others in their industry.
BP tries to understand long-term forces at work. It is hard to isolate cause and effect. But there is now an effective consensus among the world's leading scientists and serious and well informed people outside the scientific community that there is a discernible human influence on the climate, and a link between the concentration of carbon dioxide and the increase in temperature.
The time to consider the policy dimensions of climate change is not when the link between greenhouse gases and climate change is conclusively proven but when the possibility cannot be discounted and is taken seriously by the society of which we are part. We in BP have reached that point.
In late September BP's chief executive built upon this strategy in a second address in Berlin. Here he proposed more detailed policy options including energy taxes, carbon emissions trading, and joint implementation. Browne emphasized the need for different countries to develop the mix of greenhouse gas reduction strategies appropriate for each.
He re-emphasized the proactive position he had announced at Stanford: Framework Convention on Climate Change, and at a time when many U.
There were significant precedents to BP's action. Beginning in the early 90s, scientists of the environmental action organization, Greenpeace, argued that global climate change was triggering more frequent hurricanes and floods and record claims on insurance companies.
Byinsurance executives attended the Berlin Climate conference and began considering the merits of this argument. Of these, sixteen involved wind and water, mainly in the form of hurricanes. They turned around and said 'well, we can't prove that we have a definite global warming problem, but by the time we can, you chaps are in real trouble.
These and other financial companies collaborated with Leggett in writing a book on climate change in The Chairman of the Gerling Group reinsurance company is on this organization's board and has formed Gaia Kapital, a venture capital fund, to invest in solar.
Swiss Re has invested in one of Solar Century's first projects. Public concern and the leadership of these European re-insurance companies has helped European leaders to set tighter greenhouse gas limits for their countries and to urge prompt U.Climate change threatens human health and well-being in many ways, including impacts from increased extreme weather events, wildfire, decreased air quality, and illnesses transmitted by food, water, and diseases carriers such as mosquitoes and ticks.
The European Climate Adaptation Platform (Climate-ADAPT) aims to support Europe in adapting to climate change.
It is an initiative of the European Commission and helps users to access and share information on: Expected climate change in Europe; Current and future vulnerability of regions and sectors; National and transnational adaptation .
Learn about global warming and the consequences to our environment from increased wildlife extinction rates to acidic oceans and polluted air. All IPCC definitions taken from Climate Change The Physical Science Basis.
Working Group I Contribution to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Annex I, Glossary, pp. Latest news and information from the World Bank and its development work on Climate Change.
Access facts, statistics, project information, development research from experts and latest news about Climate Change.
Wikinews has news related to: Climate change Wikimedia Commons has media related to Climate change. Climate Science Special Report – U.S. Global Change Research Program Climate Change Resources from SourceWatch Global Climate Change Indicators from NOAA Global Climate Change from NASA (US) Climate Change: Evidence & Causes, from the Royal Society and the U.S.