I had to go out into the world and see it and hear it and react to it, before I knew at all who I was, what I was, what I wanted to be. For me the door to the woods is the door to the temple. Throughout this collection, Oliver positions not just herself upstream but us as well as she encourages us all to keep moving, to lose ourselves in the awe of the unknown, and to give power and time to the creative and whimsical urges that live within us.
Her representation of the American Indian cultural identity in her two poems, Learning About the Indians and Tecumseh, is one of lament, but also of celebration. On one level Oliver pays tribute to the culture of the American Indians as they had the ability to see themselves as part of the natural world.
As in her view we as humans are interdependent and communal creatures with no greater claim to superiority or right to dominate than the next being. In contrast, Mary Oliver laments the way the culture of the Western World dominates other ideologies with its almost obsessive recognition of status, through material resources.
She thus critiques the way in which Western Civilisation disempowers and suppresses other groups such as the Indians who have traditionally given Essays on mary oliver cultural value to personal possessions. Her poem mourns the loss and oppression of the American Indian cultural Sorry, but full essay samples are available only for registered users Choose a Membership Plan identity that in many ways parallels her own ideologies and perspectives towards the natural world.
The persona of the poem Learning about the Indians is highly critical of the ways in which the anthropocentric cultural practises of the Western world have become dominant and therefore internalised by so many. This is illustrated when Oliver describes how Mr White, a man of Indian decent, performs an Indian cultural act to school children.
This was once a sacred ritual, which now has become an act to be further degraded and demeaned by Western society. Even Mr White, a man with American Indian heritage, feels his Indian culture is subordinate and inferior to that of the Western world.
The persona once again depicts Mr White as a man ashamed of his history and culture. The persona and alliteration used in Learning About the Indians foregrounds her critique of the Western notion of superiority and how it has led to the commonplace belief that all non — Western cultures are peripheral and subservient to those of the Western world.
Mary Oliver employs imagery and persona in her poem Tecumseh, to represent the Native American Indian cultural identity as one predisposed to oppression and disempowerment in a materialistic and consumerist driven Western world.
In Tecumseh, she critiques the way in which humans in the Western world have legitimised their superiority and dominance over Nature and those who show respect for the natural world, by creating hierarchies and characterising nature merely as a resource to exploit and destroy.
The persona employed by Oliver highlights this idea of litter — newspaper and plastic bags as representative of a consumeristic world. Here we are just one of the many creatures needing to live communally, with no greater claim to superiority.
Oliver proposes that our subjugation of the natural world and tendency to be ecologically destructive has lead to the tainting and taining of the environment that was once perhaps sacred and equal.
Tecumseh also explores the ways in which the American Indian cultural identity was suppressed and dispossessed by other more dominant cultures, attributing much of this to their unwillingness to exploit and destruct nature. She mourns the loss of this cultural identity, representing them as a group that discarded the idea of the individual and saw all creatures in the world as part of one large interconnected ecosystem.
This once again highlights the notion of the destructive and intrusive nature of the Western world. It represents the American Indian identity as one that has oppressed and dispossessed due to their emphasis on the idea that nature is a harmonious place of enlightenment and redemption.
Her poem calls attention to the past repression and cruelty administered to the Indians and represents them as being stripped of their land, language and culture by white settlement in America.
She explores the idea that the past should not be forgotten or explained away but rather acknowledged and accepted to ensure it never happens again. In the second stanza the use of rhetorical questions shows her irritation at the plight of the Indian people: Through the use of rhetorical questions and persona in the poem Tecumseh, she recalls and retells the injustices subjected to the American Indian culture with a hope to rectify some justice by bringing a greater awareness to the modern world of their dispossessed cultural identity.
Through persona, imagery and alliteration Oliver highlights the way that the American Indians have been subjugated and subjected to injustice and inequality. The spread of Western culture sought to dominate the land as a resource.
Both her poems Learning About the Indians and Tecumseh lament the loss and oppression of this culture, which is represented to be respectful of the natural world and to only take the basic resources needed for survival. She is highly critical of Western society which is represented as having disempowered and dispossessed the American Indians of their cultural identity through their unending requirement for material success.AP® ENGLISH LITERATURE AND COMPOSITION Visit the College Board on the Web: torosgazete.com Question 1 (Mary Oliver’s “The Black Walnut Tree”) The score reflects the quality of the essay as a whole — its content, style, and mechanics.
This essay offers a reasonable analysis of Oliver’s poem, paying attention to how. Upstream: Selected Essays, Mary Oliver () On June 13, June 13, By Laurie @ RelevantObscurity In Book Review, Books I am one of those who has no trouble imagining the sentient lives of trees, of their leaves in some fashion communicating or of the massy trunks and heavy branches knowing it is I who have come, as I always come.
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Oct 18, · Mary Oliver Issues A Full-Throated Spiritual Autobiography In 'Upstream' Oliver's latest collection of essays reflect the author's passion for nature and literature.
Critic Maureen Corrigan says. So begins Upstream, a collection of essays in which revered poet Mary Oliver reflects on her willingness, as a young child and as an adult, to lose herself within the beauty and mysteries of both the natural world and the world of literature.
So begins Upstream, a collection of essays in which revered poet Mary Oliver reflects on her willingness, as a young child and as an adult, to lose herself within the beauty and mysteries of both the natural world and the world of literature/5(5).