Either of the two strands of a replicated chromosome, which are joined at the centromere. When the cell is not dividing, chromatin exists as a mass of very long, thin fibers that are not visible with a light microscope. Chromista In some classification systems, a kingdom consisting of brown algae, golden algae, and diatoms. Each chromosome consists of one very long DNA molecule and associated proteins.
Introduction What is the story of the Ethiopian federal experiment? What stories does it tell? And what stories can be told about it? I will then discuss what to look for in a federal system as its fundamental features. I do this in order to determine whether the tale is of two federations in the strict sense.
Throughout this piece, I argue that the story of apartheid and the story of the Ethiopian federal experiment form two stories, two different tales, of repressive governance systems, not one.
For the story of apartheid is not a story of a federation. It is a story of a relentless pursuit of ethno-cultural justice by subaltern folks who took a stride towards emancipation through self-determination.
In excavating this story and responding to the inapt association with apartheid, I will mainly rely on a close reading of the Ethiopian constitution along with its immediate antecedents and the story it tells about both the past and the future so that we can locate the federalism in that story.
By so doing, I will also highlight, in passing, how different the assumptions, principles, and goals that motivated apartheid are from their counterparts in Ethiopia. Consequently, its detractors have more terms with which to denounce it than its proponents have to ennoble it.
This in turn has disaffected many a federalist forcing them to retract their initial support for the federal dispensation.
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But to help us get a more complete picture, it is important to identify some of the misconceptions that cloud our vision of the federal arrangement. It is important to stress that the criticisms marshalled against the federal arrangement are buttressed and reinforced by the misconceptions that surround it.
Consequently, the discursive undermining of the federal system relies on and contributes back to the old narrative that privileges the core over the periphery, the center over the margin, the dominant self over the subaltern other.
This dominant narrative that is deployed to undermine the federal experiment feeds from and feeds into several misconceptions about the federal arrangement.
This misconception has often led to the confusion about the model of state-and nation-building aspired for under the federal dispensation.
The mistaking of regime transition for state transformation is another misconception usually entertained among the political elites of the regime in power.
The change of regime, some assume, is also a change of the infrastructure of inequality that is the foundation of the Ethiopian imperial state. As a result, they denounce the quest for ethno-cultural justice and the demand for self-determination as irrelevant in post-Derg Ethiopia.
More importantly, it recognizes the co-eval presence and co-equal participation in the founding of the republic. This misunderstanding of foundational issues is one of the misconceptions that are unaccounted for in the discourse on federalism and in the many instances of undermining it.
To some people, just because Amharic is the working language of the Federal government, it follows that everyone speaks, or should speak, Amharic.
They hardly understand that Amharic is the language of the federal officials and institutions, not the language of the Ethiopian peoples other than the Amhara people. It should be emphasized, then, that Finfinne is an Oromo city that is also serving as the seat of the Federal Government.
It should have been clear by now that the city is not a designated federal district or federal territory. In fact, no territory is directly the territory of the federal government for domestic legal and political purposes. For international law purposes, the federal government represents Ethiopia as a country that claims the territory of its constituent states as its territory art 2.
Moreover, one frequently meets people who mistake federalism for decentralized governance. These people fail to realize that federalism is not only a decentralized government but also non-centralized mode of governance. This misconception leads most people to confuse the states with the provinces Kiflate-Hager, or Teklay-Gizat of olden days, especially in the area of inter-governmental relations.
The purpose of this experiment was to determine the unknown component of panacetin. Panacetin contains aspirin, sucrose, and an unknown component. Dichloromate reacts with Panacetin to produce the sucrose as an insoluble solid. Aspirin is removed from the solution by reacting with sodium bicarbonate. Topic: Identifying a Constituent of. Exercise 3 & 4 3a. broaden melting point range (added aspirin) 2. If all the aspirin was not extracted from the DCM as a water soluble salt then some would be recovered with the unknown. Questions/Problems Experiment 2. instead of the aspirin. so the amount of reported aspirin would be low and too high for the amount of unknown. Exercise 2 a.5/5(1). Desalted Salicornia europaea powder and its active constituent, trans-ferulic acid, exert anti-obesity effects by suppressing adipogenic-related factors.
This understanding has led to the treatment of the federal government as superior to state governments, federal laws as superior to state laws, federal institutions as superior to state institutions.
The Constitutional Context In this sketchy description, I will focus on the founding, the goals, the principles, and assumptions of the Ethiopian federation. I will also limit myself to a quick, if veiled, identification of some of the institutions created for operationalizing the principles of self-rule and shared rule.Experiment 3: Identifying a Constituent of Panacetin Postlab Assignment This document answers the following questions: 1.
Show how you calculated the percent recovery of your product. 2. An unknown compount X is one of the three compounds listed below. A mixture of X with benzoic acid melts at 89°C, a mixture of X with phenyl succinate melts. Questions on Organizational Behavior.
Prepared by Dr. Stephen Hartman, School of Management, New York Institute of Technology.
1. How have American companies suffered in recent years? Second, a focus on practices (in the plural) avoids the mistaken impression that there is one distinctive approach common to all science—a single “scientific method”—or that uncertainty is a universal attribute of science.
Long term toxicity of a Roundup herbicide a, S x Espla and Received 11 April Accepted 2 August Available online 19 September with or without Roundup, and Roundup alone (from ppb in water), were studied 2 years in rats.
Start studying Exp. 3 - Identifying a Component of Panacetin. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Neoliberalism or neo-liberalism refers primarily to the 20th-century resurgence of 19th-century ideas associated with laissez-faire economic liberalism.: 7 Those ideas include economic liberalization policies such as privatization, austerity, deregulation, free trade and reductions in government spending in order to increase the role of the private .