This is the reason he pawned his wife's estates and was lent 70, pesos.
At the age of 14, he was sent to study Latin under an uncle in Salamanca. Modern historians have misconstrued this personal tutoring as time enrolled at the University of Salamanca.
However, those two years at Salamancaplus his long period of training and experience as a notary, first in Valladolid and later in Hispaniolagave him knowledge of the legal codes of Castile that he applied to help justify his unauthorized conquest of Mexico.
By this time, news of the exciting discoveries of Christopher Columbus in the New World was streaming back to Spain.
This island is now divided between Haiti and the Dominican Republic. He finally left for Hispaniola in and became a colonist. The history of the conquistadores is rife with accounts of rivalry, jockeying for positions, mutiny, and betrayal.
The expedition leader awarded him a large estate of land and Indian slaves for his efforts. This new position of power also made him the new source of leadership, which opposing forces in the colony could then turn to. Conquest of Mexico — Main article: He ignored the orders and, in an act of open mutinywent anyway in February He stopped in Trinidad, Cubato hire more soldiers and obtain more horses.
Then he proceeded to Tabascowhere he met with resistance and won a battle against the natives.
He received twenty young indigenous women from the vanquished natives, and he converted them all to Christianity. In Julyhis men took over Veracruz. The Otomis initially, and then the Tlaxcalans fought with the Spanish in a series of three battles from 2 to 5 Septemberand at one point, Diaz remarked, "they surrounded us on every side".
By the time he arrived in Tenochtitlan the Spaniards had a large army. On November 8,they were peacefully received by Moctezuma II. On July 1, Moctezuma was killed the Spaniards claimed he was stoned to death by his own people; others claim he was murdered by the Spanish once they realized his inability to placate the locals.
During the Noche Triste June 30 — July 1,the Spaniards managed a narrow escape from Tenochtitlan across the Tlacopan causeway, while their rearguard was being massacred. However, there may be more to the picture than this. The influence of Garay was effectively stopped by this appeal to the King who sent out a decree forbidding Garay to interfere in the politics of New Spain, causing him to give up without a fight.
The proclamation of the king says in part: We, respecting the many labors, dangers, and adventures which you underwent as stated above, and so that there might remain a perpetual memorial of you and your services and that you and your descendants might be more fully honored In the upper portion, there is a "black eagle with two heads on a white field, which are the arms of the empire".
Their marriage had been childless. There was an investigation into her death, interviewing a variety of household residents and others.
During the Age of Discoverythe Catholic Church had seen early attempts at conversion in the Caribbean islands by Spanish friars, particularly the mendicant orders.
If these people [Indians] were now to see the affairs of the Church and the service of God in the hands of canons or other dignitaries, and saw them indulge in the vices and profanities now common in Spain, knowing that such men were the ministers of God, it would bring our Faith into much harm that I believe any further preaching would be of no avail.
Your Majesty should likewise beseech His Holiness [the pope] to grant these powers to the two principal persons in the religious orders that are to come here, and that they should be his delegates, one from the Order of St.
Francis and the other from the Order of St. They should bring the most extensive powers Your Majesty is able to obtain, for, because these lands are so far from the Church of Rome, and we, the Christians who now reside here and shall do so in the future, are so far from the proper remedies of our consciences and, as we are human, so subject to sin, it is essential that His Holiness should be generous with us and grant to these persons most extensive powers, to be handed down to persons actually in residence here whether it be given to the general of each order or to his provincials.The Caribbean island of Jamaica was inhabited by the Taino tribes prior to the arrival of Columbus in Early inhabitants of Jamaica named the land "Xaymaca", meaning "Land of wood and water".
The Spanish enslaved the Tainos, who were so ravaged by their conflict with the Europeans and by foreign diseases that nearly the entire native population was extinct by Aug 21, · Born in Medellín, Spain, conquistador Hernán Cortés (c.
Early Life Hernán Cortés, marqués del Valle de Oaxaca, was born around in Medellín, Spain, and helped advance Spain's position in North America in the s. He came from a lesser noble. Hernan Cortes Part 1. The Early Life of Cortes Cortes in Cuba Cortes chosen to led the Expedition.
The Preparations of Cortes Orders of Velasquez The Rushed Departure of Cortes. Cortes in Trinidad Cortes seizes Ships Cortes in Havana. Takes stock of his men and arms. speech of Cortes to his men Cortes lands on Cozumel. Francisco Vázquez de Coronado y Luján (Spanish pronunciation: [fɾanˈθisko ˈβaθkeθ ðe koɾoˈnaðo]; – 22 September ) was a Spanish conquistador and explorer who led a large expedition from Mexico to present-day Kansas through parts of the southwestern United States between and